Ingredients

We take great care to use only natural ingredients safe for your skin. All our ingredients are listed below, along with why we include them in our formulations.  Whenever they’re available we use organically certified ingredients.

Almond oil, sweet (Prunus amygdalus dulcis) – Rich in linoleic and oleic essential fatty acids, glucosides, minerals, and vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, D, and E – all of which are essential for skin nourishment. Almond oil is a renowned emollient and helps balance moisture loss. It can smooth, soften, and condition the skin, and helps prevent ‘crow’s feet’ under the eyes.

Aloe Vera Gel (Aqua, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Xanthan Gum, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate) – 100% natural product containing Aloe Vera leaf juice and Xanthan Gum, a naturally derived thickener. An excellent natural emollient and moisturiser particularly useful for soothing topical applications for injured or irritated skin.

Alpha bisabolol (Eremanthus erythropappus) – Natural alpha-bisabolol is extracted from candeia oil, Eremanthus erythropappus. It has been used in traditional medicine for hundreds of years and is an effective anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent.

Argan oil (Argania spinose) – Rich in vitamins, antioxidants and fatty acids, Argan oil has anti-aging and restructuring properties and is suitable for all skin types from very dry to oily. It can help prevent stretch marks and scarring and has anti-inflammatory and sebum regulating properties, making it a useful addition in acne formulations. It is also particularly nourishing for dry hair and brittle nails. Argan oil comes from Morocco.

Arginine – Arginine is a natural essential or semi-essential amino acid. It Increases the pH of the cosmetic ingredients.

Babassu Oil (Orbignya oleifera) Babassu – considered a superior emollient and beneficial for dry or oily complexions, gently moisturising the skin without leaving oily residue. Lauric and myristic acids both have melting points close to normal human body temperature, so Babassu oil melts on contact with the skin by drawing heat from the body.

Benzoin Essential Oil  (Styrax benzoin) – is antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, deodorant, diuretic, expectorant, sedative and vulnerary. Benzoin is an essential oil as well as a fixative in perfumes. Benzoin essential oil can be used for bronchitis, coughs, colds, wounds, acne, eczema, psoriasis, rheumatism, arthritis, scar tissue, circulation, nervous tension, stress, muscle pains, chilblains, rashes and mouth ulcers.

Calendula (Calendula officinalis) – The anti-bacterial and immunostimulant properties of Calendula make it extremely useful in treating slow-healing cuts, and cuts in people who have compromised immune systems. The herb stimulates the production of collagen at wound sites and minimises scarring

Camellia (Kissi) oil (Camellia sinensis) – Camellia oil has been used for centuries in the East for its rejuvenating and revitalising properties. It blends well with Sweet Almond oil to create a wonderful massage oil. It is high in antioxidants and the fat-soluble vitamins, A, E and D. It is lovely for dry, aging, sun-damaged, or sensitive skins and is gentle enough to be used in baby products. It is easily absorbed into the top layer of the skin making it ideal in facial skincare products. As a conditioning treatment, Camellia oil leaves hair smooth and glossy and soothes dry and itchy scalps.

Carnauba wax (Copernicia prunifera) – Carnauba wax is a common ingredient derived from the leaves of the Brazilian Carnauba Palm. It is extremely hard and nearly insoluble in both water and ethanol and is non-toxic and hypoallergenic, making it an extremely versatile product in everything from candy to dental floss.

Carmine (CI 75470) – A red pigment/dye derived from parasitic insects native to South America and Mexico which live on cactus plants.

Castor Oil (Ricinus communis) – Widely known for its therapeutic benefits, Castor oil is a common ingredient in many cosmetics, soaps, textiles, medicines, and massage oils. It is known mainly for its rich fatty acid content. These fatty acids – especially Omega 5 – help to restore skin’s natural moisture balance, preventing dryness and moisturising the skin.

Cetyl Alcohol – A fatty alcohol used as an emulsion stabiliser and opacifier, adding body and viscosity to creams and lotions, and improving texture with its characteristic velvety consistency. It imparts emollient properties to formulations due to its absorption and retention in the epidermis where it lubricates and softens the skin.

Chamomile hydrosol (Matricaria recutita) – Chamomile water is a soothing toner for sensitive skins or those with eczema.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine – Is a good cleanser and foam booster and acts to enhance viscosity in the finished formulation.

Coco-glucoside and Glyceryl oleate – A mild emollient and surfactant blend of Coco-Glucoside and Glyceryl Oleate. These are non-ionic surfactants and the blend is useful in organic bath and shower products as well as creams and lotions.

Co-enzyme 10 (C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Tocopherol Acetate, Ubiquinone) – The ideal antioxidant active ingredient for several skin protection formulas: sun care, skin regenerating, anti-wrinkle, and energising. Topical application of Co-enzyme Q10 and Vitamin E helps to balance the endogenous antioxidant level. Co-enzyme Q10 and Vitamin E together form a defence against oxidative attack. After topical application of Q10 plus E, skin enzymes release the active antioxidants, tocopherol and ubiquinol. Skin regeneration is strongly supported by Co-enzyme Q10 which also reduces the depth of wrinkles. Antioxidant function – environmental aggressors such as UV-light or ozone which may generate free radicals have been identified as a major source of premature skin aging. UVA-induced oxidative stress in skin is manifested by ultra-weak photon emissions. Co-Enzyme 10 reduces the effects of photo-aging – in a placebo-controlled study involving 24 healthy volunteers (mean age 46) it was shown after six months of application that the appearance of visible wrinkles around the eye (crow’s-feet) were reduced by 27% with a cream containing 0.3% Co-enzyme Q10.The reduction of wrinkle depth was measured by profilometry of silicon replicas. Furthermore, the corneocyte size on the forearm skin, which normally increases with age, was reduced.

Coco glucoside – A very mild nonionic surfactant extracted from potato or corn starch. This surfactant is suitable for Ecocert certified and natural products. Coco glucoside has foam stabilising, viscosity boosting, and skin conditioning functions and can be applied as a main surfactant or as a co-surfactant. It is applicable in all cleansing and hair care products such as shampoo, conditioner, shower gel, baby products, make-up remover, and facial cleansers, etc.

Cornflower hydrosol (Centaurea cyanus) – Distilled from the flower of the cornflower, this hydrosol is an excellent choice for dry, mature skin.

Cupuaçu butter (Theobroma grandiflorum seed butter) – Beneficial for dry, damaged skin and hair, it acts as an emollient conferring softness, and a conditioned feel on the skin – the rain forest’s answer to unrefined shea butter. The moisturising qualities help restore skin’s natural humidity and elasticity. Cupuaçu butter has an impressive oleic acid content and better water absorption than lanolin.

Decyl glucoside – is an extraordinarily mild nonionic surfactant naturally derived from sugar. It is recommended for sensitive skin facial wash products, shampoo and body wash, and generates excellent fine and stable foam comparable with that obtained from conventional anionic surfactants. It is readily bio-degradable, low toxin, and performs well in hard-water conditions.

Dermofeel PA3 (Sodium Phytate, Aqua, Alcohol) – Natural chelator PA-3 is an Ecocert certified, globally accepted, palm-free and naturally- based chelating agent for natural and organic cosmetics. Chelating agents have the ability to bind complex and inactive metal ions. Metal ions (entering cosmetic products through water from natural ingredients such as clays or pigments) promote oxidation and colour change, and reduce foam in soaps and cleansing products. Chelating agents, by binding metal ions, can weaken micro-organism cell walls and boost the preservative system. This mechanism is especially important and delivered by application of natural, modern anti-microbial preservatives such as Preservative 1388® Eco.

Disodium/Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate (Aqua, Disodium Cocoyl glutamate, Sodium cocoyl glutamate) – Mild, natural, and Ecocert certified anionic surfactant based on the amino acid, glutamic acid.

Emulsense HC (Brassicyl Isoleucinate Esylate (and) Brassica Alcohol) – Emulsense™ HC is the first and, currently, only fully plant-based, natural, palm-free and ecocert certified cationic surfactant for hair care applications. Emulsense™ HC imparts conditioning, anti-frizz, and anti-static properties to hair care products.

Euxyl K903 (Benzyl alcohol, Benzoic acid, Dehydroacetic acid and Tocopherol)  Euxyl® K903 is the latest ‘natural conform’ preservative – an effective preservative at low concentrations for all rinse-off and leave-on products.

Ferric Ferrocyanide (77510)  is found in some micas. A deep, intense, dark blue pigment, it is widely used in the formulation of makeup, hair-colouring, bath, nail-polish, and skin care products.

Frankincense Essential Oil (Boswellia carterii) – Helps keep wrinkles at bay in dry or mature skin, and is used in face and body-care products.

Frankincense hydrosol (Boswellia carterii) – Distilled from the resin, with a characteristic deep incense aroma, frankincense hydrosol is ideal for dry or mature skin, and is gentle enough for sensitive skins.

Geranium Essential Oil (Pelargonium graveolens) – Geranium oil can help in the treatment of acne, bruises, burns, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, lice, ringworm, poor circulation, and sore throats, and is a mosquito repellent.

Glycerin – (organic vegetable) – Glycerin serves many functions as a preserving ingredient. It is a humectant which attracts and holds moisture.

Hemp seed oil (Cannabis sativa) – Has anti-inflammatory properties and its essential fatty acids are useful in assisting skin conditions. Regular users of hemp oil also report enjoying smoother, thicker, softer hair, and stronger nails.

Hyaluronic acid (Aqua, Sodium Hyaluronate, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin) – Cruelty-free alternative using enzymes from a bacteria-based bio fermentation process. Used in anti-wrinkle and skin rejuvenation products, it is the most efficient humectant, attracting 600-1000 times its own weight in water, plumping up skin, giving it volume, and playing an important role in tissue hydration, lubrication and cellular function. Its’ hydrating properties result in increased skin smoothness, softening, and decreased appearance of wrinkles. The rejuvenating properties result in increased skin smoothness and softness. It also protects cell structure and defends against bacterial infections. Exhibiting a viscous flow, it has elastic and pseudoplastic properties which are unique to hyaluronic acid. An excellent skin moisturiser, when the body cannot produce enough co-enzyme Q10 on its own, then low molecular weight hyaluronic acid can penetrate the skin to re-establish the hyaluronic acid content to more youthful levels.

Jojoba Oil (Simmondsia chinensis) – Technically a liquid wax almost identical to the sebum your skin produces in its’ sebaceous glands, jojoba is easily absorbed by the skin. It can penetrate hair shafts and moisturise each strand. Because it is a wax rather than oil, it is non-greasy.

Kawakawa (Macropiper excelsum) – The New Zealand native Kawakawa plant has a long history of traditional use for relieving pain and inflammation associated with cuts, abrasions, wounds, bruises, burns, and body aches. As an analgesic and warming circulatory stimulant, Kawakawa is especially beneficial in the relief of chilblains, neuralgia and rheumatism.

Kaolin clay – Kaolin is white, super-fine clay named after the hill in China from which it was mined for centuries for making china and porcelain. It is particularly useful for oily and acne-prone skin where its drying and cleansing properties help clear the skin.

Kokum butter (Garcinia indica) – Rich in antioxidants and Vitamin E, Kokum butter is often used as a substitute for Cocoa Butter. It’s derived from the fruit of India’s native Kokum tree and harbours anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.  It is non-greasy, making it a great moisturiser and scalp treatment. An excellent emollient, it is quickly absorbed by skin, promoting elasticity and skin regeneration.

Kombo butter (Pycnanthus angolensis) – Pressed from ‘African nutmeg’, unrefined Kombo butter is darkly coloured and prized for its anti-inflammatory properties. Kombo is high in cetyl myristoleate, the cetyl ester of myristoleic acid. It has multiple biological properties, including anti-inflammatory and pain relief, and it is an immune system modulator.

Lactic Acid – Lactic Acid belongs to a class of chemicals known as Alpha hydroxy acids. Alpha hydroxy acids function as humectants and have been shown to promote smoother, younger looking skin by increasing cell renewal rates and improving skin texture and tone. It is often used as a milder alternative to glycolic acid in cosmetic formulations, and as a natural pH adjuster in formulations.

Lavender hydrosol (Lavandula angustifolia) – A skin-soothing hydrosol which is an excellent facial toner for sensitive skins. Lavender water can be used to augment the healing properties of a lavender herbal balm for skin disorders.

Lavender Essential oil (Lavandula angustifolia) – the number one choice for minor burns and skin problems. A classic aromatherapy oil for massage lotions and oil blends, skincare creams, lotions, gels, and body wraps. Lavender is anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal. It has wound-healing properties and can be used for a range of skin conditions. It works very well with rose for mature skincare.

Lemon Essential Oil (Citrus limomum) – Properties: anti-anaemic, antibiotic, anti-microbial, anti-rheumatic, anti-sclerotic, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, anti-toxic, astringent, bactericidal, calmative, digestive, diuretic, hypotensive, immunostimulant, insecticidal, rubefacient, sedative, stimulant, tonic. Benefits many problems including acne, anaemia, arthritis, boils, brittle fingernails, bronchitis, catarrh, chilblains, colds, corns, counteracts stomach acidity, cuts, depression, detoxification, digestion, dyspepsia, fever, flu, general fatigue, herpes, infectious diseases, insect bites, mouth ulcers, obesity, oily skin, rheumatism, sore throat, varicose veins, warts, and wrinkles.

Lexfeel Natural (Heptyl Undecylenate) – LexFeel® Natural is the first fully natural, plant-based, ecocertified and palm-free (based on castor oil) ingredient on the market.  It imparts shine, dry feel lubricity without greasiness to all personal care products including natural skincare, deodorant, and hair care.

Liftonin: (Aqua, Glycerin, Panicum Miliaceum Seed Extract (Millet Seed), Tannic Acid, Potassium Sorbate – 0.2%) – Natural active ingredient complex with high bio-availability combats skin-aging and promotes the production of the skin’s structural proteins. New production of collagen and glucosamine glucans is accelerated and skin profile is improved from within. Liftonin contains tannins from oak, which have an astringent and tautening effect. These natural agents neutralise harmful metal ions and protect the skin with their anti-oxidative properties. Studies show reduced lines and wrinkles and younger skin appearance.

Lupine Peptides (Aqua, Hydrolyzed Lupine Protein, Phenoxyethanol, Citric Acid, Sorbic Acid) – A Lupin concentrate to preserve skin firmness – strengthens the dermal-epidermal junction and helps renew the skin’s outer layer (extracellular matrix). Reduces wrinkle depth and stimulates production of collagen and elastin, which gives the skin a younger look and diminishes fine wrinkles Also stimulates wound healing and skin thickening, and reduces dark spots and rough skin.

Macadamia nut oil (Macadamia integrifolia) – Macadamia nut oil is a fantastic regenerative oil. It is high in mono-unsaturated fatty acids, contains palmitoleic acid (promotes young soft skin), as well as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. It helps heal scars and sunburn and is safe for use in facial and baby products.

Mango butter (Mangifera indica) – Mango butter is an emollient (skin softener) and has been reported to lessen wrinkles and signs of aging.

Manganese Violet (CI77742) A violet pigment used in the formulation of cosmetics, hair-colouring, bath, nail polish, and skin care products. Manganese Violet, when it conforms to FDA specifications, may safely be used to colour cosmetics and personal care products, including those intended for use on the lips and areas around the eyes.

Magnesium Stearate (vegetable derived) – Magnesium stearate is a magnesium salt of stearic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid. The soft white powder is used in cosmetics to improve adhesion, slip, and texture. Magnesium stearate is used in foundations, face powders, eyeshadows and lipsticks. It can also be used in creams, lotions, and pomades.

Mica – A naturally occurring mineral based on a collection of silicate minerals and composed of varying amounts of potassium, iron, aluminium, magnesium and water. It has a thin sheet-like or plate-like structure with various compositional and physical properties. Mica forms flat six-sided monoclinic crystals along with an extraordinary split in the direction of larger surfaces which allows the mineral to be easily cleaved into optically flat films. High in silica, this stone has extensive capacity for remaining elastic and tough even at high temperatures.

Neroli Essential Oil (Citrus aurantium bigaradia) – Topically, Neroli is reportedly useful in reducing redness and irritation of the skin and is said to assist in the regeneration of new skin cells, and having a rejuvenating effect on the skin.

Neroli hydrosol (Citrus aurantium bigaradia) – Distilled from the highly scented flowers of the bitter orange tree, orange blossom water is a great toner for oily or sensitive skins. Neroli hydrosol contains water and natural alpha hydroxyl acid which gently work to cleanse and exfoliate skin, as well as purify pores without stripping the skin of its natural oils. A natural astringent, neroli hydrosol tightens, firms and tones skin while reducing excess oils, minimising large pores and lifting sagging skin. Anti-inflammatory, neroli hydrosol also calms skin inflammation including red and angry acne inflammation. The anti-bacterial properties of neroli hydrosol are effective in addressing acne and other irritating skin conditions. When applied to sensitive, irritated and damaged skin, neroli hydrosol soothes and calms and its powerful antioxidants fight skin damaging, pro-aging free radicals.

Olivem 1000 (incl. Cetearyl Olivate & Sorbitan Olivate) – Derived from natural olive chemistry, this oil-in-water emulsifier and thickener is compatible with a wide variety of cosmetic and active ingredients.

Olive Oil (Olea europaea) – Olive oil is a world-renowned staple of the Mediterranean diet, but it offers much more as a personal care product and health care additive. It is also finding increased usage across home improvement, in ‘green’ cleaning products, and as an ingredient in various natural remedies. Olive oil is often used as a lubricant for shaving, and to treat tangled and damaged hair. It is rich in antioxidants, containing at least four varieties, thus providing an excellent source of vitamin E. Olive oil is also a good source of vitamins A and K, polyphenols, and triterpenes, is rich in the natural moisturising agent, squalene, and contains the anti-aging compound, chlorophyll.

Oxides – Mineral group containing compounds of one or more metallic elements combined with oxygen, water, or hydroxyl (OH). The oxide group contains the greatest variations of physical properties, from extremely hard, or soft, to exclusively opaque with metallic lustre, or, clear and transparent.

Panthenol Provitamin B5 or D Panthenol – Well known ingredient in many popular hair-care products. A humectant, it helps tissue retain moisture, and keeps hair soft and elastic. Provitamin B5 is rapidly converted in to vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) once it has been absorbed into skin, so the skin also benefits from its moisturising and softening properties.

Pomegranate oil (Punica granatum) – This rare oil softens and rejuvenates by promoting healthy new cell growth, making it excellent for nourishing dry, and mature skin types. Rich in nutrients and anti-oxidants, pomegranate seed oil is both moisturising and protective for the skin and has anti-aging properties. It works best blended with other oils for use in facial and body-care products. It also has anti-inflammatory properties making it useful in treating minor skin irritations.

Pomegranate glycerite (Glycerin, Aqua, Punica granatum Fruit Extract) – Extracting an active raw material into glycerine delivers the benefits of both the active raw material and the glycerine’s humectant moisturising properties. Pomegranate is high in ellagic acid, which, with other polyphenols help to regulate cell turnover and give it time to divide normally and form completely. Ellagic acid is also thought to strengthen the cell membrane, making it less susceptible to free radical damage and preventing water loss.

Preservative-Dermosoft 1388 Eco (Glycerin, Aqua, Sodium Levulinate, Sodium Anisate) – Preservative 1388 ECO is an anti-microbial blend from Dr. Streatmans GmbH that provides excellent protection in cosmetic products. It is Ecocert certified, palm oil-free, applicable in ‘natural and organic’ cosmetics, and allows a ‘preservative-free’ claim.

Preservative Eco (Benzyl Alcohol, Salicylic Acid, Glycerin, Sorbic Acid) – This is a broad spectrum preservation system that can be included in natural and organic skin and hair care products. Its four components, Benzyl Alcohol, Salicylic Acid, Glycerine, and Sorbic Acid, are all well accepted in a wide range of personal care products.

Raspberry Seed Oil (Rubus idaeus) – Raspberry seed oil is widely used across the cosmetics and health care industries. It is an active ingredient in many facial and skin creams, lotions, lip balms, salves, toothpastes, and bath oils. Raspberry seed oil is an antioxidant, providing protection from harmful free-radicals which are widely regarded as major contributors to the aging process. Its anti-inflammatory properties are superior to other oils such as avocado, grapeseed, hazelnut, and wheat germ (Oomah, 2000). Raspberry seed oil is also effective in skin repair and conditioning due to its high levels of vitamin E. It contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids which have been shown to reduce the effects of oxidative stress in skin. It is a rich source of alpha and gamma tocopherol, carotenoides (vitamin A), and ellagic acid, which contains anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral properties.

Rice powder – This rice powder has been enhanced especially for use in cosmetics. It has excellent eco credentials and is guaranteed GMO free. It is water-soluble and miscible with oils and other lipids. It is a matting, ultra-fine, smooth powder which will not clog pores and when added to powders or lotions, slips nicely and keeps everything free flowing. Rice powder has good opacity, adhesion, and creaminess. Some formulators use Rice powder on its own as a primer or finishing veil, but because it mixes well with other powders, it can be added to almost any base powder. Due to the micro-crystalline structure of rice powder it leaves an impression of soft, velvety skin. Rice has a pH-value of approx 5.5 and is therefore similar to the pH-value of skin, making it skin-friendly and non-irritating for mucus membranes.

Rose Geranium Essential Oil (Pelargonium roseum) – Geranium Oil is well known for its skincare properties. It can be used to balance oily or combination skin complexions and is said to nourish and re-hydrate dry and mature skin.

Rosehip oil (Rosa rubiginosa) – One of the best oils for optimising healthy regeneration of skin cells, and softening and smoothing scar tissue. It is invaluable for protecting and nourishing skin of all ages and can be added to many beauty products. To help prevent scar tissue, apply a small amount of rosehip oil to the area you want to treat and massage gently in anti-clockwise circles. Although it can help with old scars, the results are more noticeable on recent ones.

Rose hydrosol (Rosa damascene) Rosewater helps maintain the skin’s pH balance, and controls excess oil. It has anti-inflammatory properties which help reduce the redness of irritated skin, get rid of acne, dermatitis and eczema. Dr. Deepali Bhardwaj, Skincare expert, says it is a great cleanser and aids in removing oil and dirt accumulated in clogged pores. Rosewater helps hydrate, revitalise and moisturise skin giving it a refreshed look. Its anti-bacterial properties make it a useful aid in healing scars, cuts and wounds. Its antioxidant properties help strengthen skin cells and regenerate skin tissues. Rosewater has astringent-like qualities which helps clean pores and tone skin. Applying it after steaming tightens capillaries and reduces redness and blotchiness. The fragrance of roses is said to be a powerful mood enhancer, easing anxiety and promoting emotional well-being. Hair quality is enhanced by the nourishing and moisturising properties of rosewater. It helps mild scalp inflammations and gets rid of dandruff. Rosewater is a natural conditioner and revitalises hair growth. Sprinkled on your pillow it improves sleep and you wake refreshed. It also helps aging skin, keeping fine lines and wrinkles at bay.

Sodium Lactate  Sodium Lactate is a liquid salt naturally derived from fermenting natural sugars. Sodium PCA is a moisturiser and moisture retention ingredient with conditioning properties on hair and skin.

Solagum AX (Acacia Senegal Gum and Xanthan Gum) – Solagum AX is a proprietary blend (Seppic) of acacia and xanthan gum, two of the most effective natural poly-sugars in cosmetics.

Solubiliser (Caprylyl/Capryl Wheat Bran/Straw Glycosides; Aqua; Fusel Wheat Bran/Straw Glycosides; Polyglyceryl-5 Oleate; Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate; Glyceryl Caprylate) – symbio®solv XC is a mixture of naturally-derived surfactants and wetting agents and offers excellent solubilisation.

Spearmint Essential oil (Mentha spicata) – Spearmint oil has similar properties to Peppermint. Spearmint contains only trace amounts of menthol so is less harsh on the skin.

Spectrast G2N (Caprylhydroxamic acid and Glyceryl Caprylate and Glycerin) -Spectrastat G2-N is a broad spectrum preservative for natural personal care (hair and skin care) and is currently the only natural preservative with non-pH dependent performance.

Sunflower oil (Helianthus annus) – is an extremely rich source of vitamin E, containing more than any other vegetable oil. Tocopherols contained within vitamin E are crucial to health because they stop free-radicals, are a natural source of antioxidants, as well as being an effective natural moisturiser. Sunflower oil contains a combination of mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fats, namely oleic and linoleic acid. It also contains folic acid which may help the body to manufacture new cells, and zinc, which helps to maintain a healthy nervous system. Sunflower oil is an effective aid for skin injuries, wounds and abrasions.

Tamanu Oil (Calopyhyllum inophyllum) A Melanesian skin protection oil used for centuries throughout the Pacific Islands, Tamanu oil holds an esteemed place in traditional folk medicine practice. In the 1920s, Sister Marie-Suzanne, a nun stationed in Fiji, topically applied Tamanu oil to leprosy victims with positive results. It has been an ingredient in local remedies for inflamed eyes, haemorrhoids, skin ulcers, cuts, boils, wounds, and rashes throughout Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and the Philippines. Fijian natives use Tamanu oil for joint pains, arthritis, bruises, and chapped lips. The oil is used across southern Pacific Islands for burns, insect bites and stings, acne scars, psoriasis, and eczema. In Europe, where it is sometimes called Domba oil, Tamanu is a known treatment for rheumatism, scabies, gout, ringworm, and athlete’s foot. It has been used to treat severe burns caused by boiling water, chemicals and x-rays, as well as infections from wounds, septicaemia, conjunctivitis, and urinary tract infections. It is also renowned for fading stretch marks and scars, particularly those caused by acne. Tamanu oil has skin-healing, anti-neuralgic, anti-microbial, antibiotic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties, which reduce rashes, swelling, and abrasions.

Titanium Dioxide Inert earth mineral used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics. It protects skin from UVA and UVB radiation and is considered to have no risk of skin sensitivity. Because of its gentleness, titanium dioxide is an excellent sunscreen active for sensitive, redness-prone skin. It’s also great for use around the eyes since it is highly unlikely to cause stinging

Vanilla Essential Oil (Vanilla planifolia) Vanilla is one of the most sought after scents.

Vitamin E (Tocopherols) – A powerful antioxidant employed to prolong the life of carrier oils and butters in cosmetic blends. Vitamin E is also one of the major skin vitamins and helps heal, regenerate and nourish skin. It protects tissues from free-radical damage. It is an excellent anti-aging addition to skincare products.

Ultra Marine – Ultramarine is a deep blue pigment originally made by grinding lapis lazuli into a powder.

Ylang ylang (Cananga odorata var genuina) In skin care Ylang-ylang may be beneficial in softening and balancing the moisture in the skin. It is recommended for dry and oily skin, and is reputed to have a balancing action on sebum production. In hair care it is recommended for split ends.

Yucca (Yucca Schidigera Stem Extract) – Yucca stem extract is the juice of the stem (no solvents or carriers are applied). Yucca juice is cold-pressed. A natural surfactant, it helps cleanse. It also produces a small amount of foam.  

Xantham Gum – Xanthan gum is a natural emulsifier and stabiliser derived from corn sugar.

Zinc Oxide – is powdered, oxidised zinc derived from the naturally occurring mineral, zincite, and routinely used in a wide range of consumer products.